


haiiii smua apa kbar…..
di baca yach
GROUP 6
CLASS 2^{c}
Member of the Group:
ü I KADEK RADHA CANDRA
ü MARCIANI GABI MONGDONG
ü FIRSANDY C. KALANGI
ü KRISYE R. KADEKE
ü RATNI ETA RAPI
ü NATALIA K. SONDAKH
ü FERDIANTO DJUMATI
ü STEVY TAARAUNGAN
ü NATASYA P. KAMAGI
MANADO STATE UNIVERSITY
MATH AND SCIENCE FACULTY
MATH EDUCATION
2013
 I. PROCEDUR TO ENTER LIBRARY
 Enter the library from the main door.
 Show the library card to the receptionist.
 Write the purpose on the visitor book.
 Go to the locker to place belongings like bag.
 Go to the library room to find the book and just bring a note with a pen.
 The law on the library does not make noise or destroying any property in the library.
 After finish reading the book must be place in the right location.
 If want to borrow a book must show the book to the receptionist.
 For a limited book must be return in three days. And for an ordinary book must be return in two weeks.
 After following the procedure than the book can be borrowed.
 After finish exit the library from main door.
 II. The Map of book collections in the library
III. Library Code of Math Book
We write the original tittle of the book, even the tittle is in Indonesian.
 PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA 510
 MATEMATIKA 510
 PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA 4.510
 ENRICHMENT MATHEMATICS FOR THE GRADES 510
 THE UNIVERSAL BOOK OF MATHEMATICS 510.3
 PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA 510.7
 MATEMATIKA UNIVERSITAS 510.76
 ARITMETIC 511.7
 PEMROSESAN SINYAL DIGITAL 511.8
 CALCULUS 512.1
 ALGEBRA 512.2
 LINEAR ALGEBRA 512.5
 ANALISIS MATEMATIK 515
 GEOMETRY 516
 MATEMATIKA TEKNIK 519
 STATISTIK 519
 MATEMATIKA EKONOMI DAN BISNIS 519
 MATEMATIKA EKONOMI 1. 519
 MATEMATIKA TERAPAN UNTUK
PARA INSINYUR DAN FISIKAWAN 519
 MATEMATIKA APLIKASI BISNIS DAN EKONOMI 519
 METHODS OF ENOINEERING MATHEMATIS 519
 STATISTIK MATEMATIKA MODERN 519
 DISCRETE MATEMATIK FOR COMPUTI 519.4
 STATISTIK UNTUK MANAJEMEN DAN EKONOMI 519.5
 MATEMATIKA UNTUK PEMROSESAN DATA 519.6
 CALCULUS 505
 SPECTRAL LINE FORMATION 523
 IV. Statistic Research Paper
CONTENTS OF STATISTICS
Chapter 1. The Nature of Statistics
1.1 Two kinds of statistics
1.2 Classification of statistical problem
1.3 Development of inferential statistics
Chapter 2. Organizing data
2.1 Data
2.2 Grouped data
2.3 Graphs and charts
2.4 How to lie with graphs
2.5 Stemandleaf diagramsa new way of looking at data
2.6 Computer packages
Chapter 3. Descriptive Measures
3.1 Measures of central tendency
3.2 Summation notationthe sample mean
3.3 Measures of dispersion –the sample standard deviation
3.4 Interpretation of the standard deviationChebychev’s theorem
3.5 Computing x and s for grouped data
3.6 percentiles; boxandwhisker diagram
3.7 uses of samples; the population mean and population standard deviation
3.8 computer packages
Chapter 4 Probability
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Random variable; probability distributions
4.3 Compound events
4.4 Rules of probability
4.5 Further rules of probability
4.6 Conditional probability
4.7 Independence
4.8 The binomial distribution
4.9 The mean and standard deviation of a random variable
4.10 The relativefrequency interpretation of probability. Empirical probability
Chapter 5. The Normal Distribution
5.1 Estimating a population mean
5.2 The standard normal or zcurve
5.3 Areas under normal curves
5.4 Normally distributed populations and random variables
5.5 standardizing a random variable
5.6 The normal approximation to the binomial distribution
Chapter 6. The Sampling Distribution of the Mean
6.1 Random samples
6.2 The mean and standard deviation of
6.3 The central limit theorem and the sampling distribution of the mean
Chapter 7. Estimating a Population Mean
7.1 Confidence intervals
7.2 Specifying the confidence level
7.3 Confidence intervals for meanslarge samples
7.4 Confidence intervals for proportionslarge samples
7.5 The Student’s tdistribution
7.6 Confidence intervals for meanssmall samples
Chapter 8. Hypothesis Tests for Means
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Setting up a hypothesis test: large samples
8.3 Hypothesis tests for a single meansonetailed tests for large samples
8.4 Hypothesis tests for a single meanstwotailed tests for large samples
8.5 Hypothesis tests concerning proportions for large samples
8.6 Hypothesis tests for differences between means for independent sampleslarge samples
8.7 Hypothesis tests for differences between means for paired sampleslarge samples
8.8 setting up a hypothesis tests: small samples
8.9 Hypothesis tests for a single mean for small samples
8.10 smallsamples hypothesis tests for differences between means for independent samplesequals variances
Chapter 9. Inferences Concerning Variances
9.1 Introductionwhy we study variances
9.2 The –statistic and the chisquare curve
9.3 Hypothesis tests for a single variance
9.4 Confidence intervals for variance
9.5 The Fstatistic and the Fcurve
9.6 Computer packages
Chapter 10. Chisquare Tests
10.1 Introductions
10.2 Chisquare goodnessoffit test
10.3 Contingency tables –independence
10.4 Chisquare tests of independence
10.5 Chisquare tests of homogeneity
10.6 Computer packages
Chapter 11. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
11.1 Introduction
11.2 ANOVA: assumptions; shortcut formulas
11.3 Computer packages
Chapter 12. Regression and Correlation
12.1 Straightline equations
12.2 Fitting straightline equations to data
12.3 The correlations coefficient
12.4 The regression model; mean square error
12.5 Inferences in regression
12.6 Inferences in correlations analysis
12.7 Computer packages
Chapter 13. Nonparametric Statistics
13.1 Introduction
13.2 The binomial distribution
13.3 The sign test for medians
13.4 The Wilcoxon signedrank test
13.5 The MannWhitney test
13.6 The runs test
13.7 Comparison of parametric and nonparametric tests
Chapter 14. Planning a Study
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Is a study necessary?
14.3 Sampling
14.4 Type I and Type II errors
14.5 Design of experiments
14.6 The study: putting it all together
14.7 Beyond this book
SUMMARY
Statistics is the study of the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data. It deals with all aspects of this, including the planning of data collection in terms of the design of surveys and experiments.
The word statistics, when referring to the scientific discipline, is singular, as in “Statistics is an art. This should not be confused with the word statistic, referring to a quantity (such as mean or median) calculated from a set of data, whose plural is statistics (“this statistic seems wrong” or “these statistics are misleading”).
Some consider statistics a mathematical body of science that pertains to the collection, analysis, interpretation or explanation, and presentation of data, while others consider it a branch of mathematics concerned with collecting and interpreting data. Because of its empirical roots and its focus on applications, statistics is usually considered a distinct mathematical science rather than a branch of mathematics. Much of statistics is nonmathematical: ensuring that data collection is undertaken in a way that produces valid conclusions; coding and archiving data so that information is retained and made useful for international comparisons of official statistics; reporting of results and summarized data (tables and graphs) in ways comprehensible to those who must use them; implementing procedures that ensure the privacy of census information.
Statisticians improve data quality by developing specific experiment designs and survey samples. Statistics itself also provides tools for prediction and forecasting the use of data and statistical models. Statistics is applicable to a wide variety of academic disciplines, including natural and social sciences, government, and business. Statistical consultants can help organizations and companies that don’t have inhouse expertise relevant to their particular questions.
 V. References
 Title : Principles and procedures of statistics A biometrical
Authors : Robert G. D. Steel
James H. Torrie
Publisher : international student edition
Edition : 2
Year : 1981
 Summary/discription this book
This textbook provides a thorough treatment of major statistical methods and techniques for both statisticians and nonstatisticians requiring a foundation in applied statistics. There is an emphasis throughout on inference from data, the principle of fitting models by least squares, and careful interpretation of results. The authors employ SAS to produce PCbased statistical graphics and perform some analyses where appropriate. This edition includes updated realworld data sets.
 The Reason Why We Choose This Book
In this book contains the principles and procedures of statistics biometrical. This is very useful when we learning biometrical. We can use the method of statistics. This book is also contains other materials about statistics like Mean, Modus, Median, Quartile Etc.
 Title : Introducing statistics
Authors : Neil Weiss
Hassett
Publisher : Addision wasley publishing company, Inc.
Edition : 2
Year : 1982
 Summary/description this book
In this book, Weiss offers a comprehensive, traditional approach to introductory statistics, with a heavy emphasis on mathematical reasoning and critical thinking. Weiss’s meticulous style offers careful, detailed explanations to ease the learning process. More than 2,600 exercises involve real data from contemporary sources, which promotes active learning and develops readers’ ability to think critically with statistics.
Introductory Statistics, in this edition, contains parallel presentation of criticalvalue and pvalue approaches to hypothesis testing. This unique design allows both the flexibility to concentrate on one approach or the opportunity for greater depth in comparing the two. The text is suitable for a one or twosemester course.
 The Reason Why We Choose This Book
The reason why we choose this book because this book constitute the introduction to statistics. In this book the introduction until the application to a daily life write very detail and specific.
 Title : Fundamental statistics in psychology and education
Authors : J. P. Guilford
Benjamin Fruchter
Publisher : International student edition
Edition : 6
Year : 1978
 Summary/ descriptions this book
 The Reason Why We Choose This Book
Because this book contains education about statistics. This book is very important for the teacher candidate because this book contains the application to teaching this statistics material. This book contains the basic of statistics and can be easily understand.
 Title : Statistics for engineers and scientist
Authors : William navidi
Publisher : Mc Graw hill higher education
Edition : 2
Year : 2008
 Summary/ descriptions this book
Statistics for Engineers and Scientists stands out for its crystal clear presentation of applied statistics. Suitable for a one or two semester course, the book takes a practical approach to methods of statistical modeling and data analysis that are most often used in scientific work.
Statistics for Engineers and Scientists features a unique approach highlighted by an engaging writing style that explains difficult concepts clearly, along with the use of contemporary real world data sets to help motivate students and show direct connections to industry and research. While focusing on practical applications of statistics, the text makes extensive use of examples to motivate fundamental concepts and to develop intuition.
 The Reason Why We Choose This Book
In this book contains the education of statistics for engineers when we make a research we can use these statistics methods in our research result.
 Title : Statistical principles in experimental design
Authors : B. J. Winer
Donald R. Brown
Kenneth M. Michels
Publisher : Mc Graw hill series in psychology
Edition : 3
Year : 1991
 Summary/ descriptions this book
 The Reason Why We Choose This Book
In this book contains about the statistics methods that we use in our experiment.
This is very important before we start on experiment or research.
 VI. PROCEDURE TO MAKE A LIBRARY RESEARCH
 We prepare the library card that we will use when entering the library.
 We prepare the note book and all the things that we will use to gathering the data.
 Examine the library condition and draw a map about where the book located. Like mathematics book, science, biology etc.
 Then we investigate the books code, because every shelf contains different book code, we write in our notebook with the code.
 After we examine all he books, we choose the most interesting topic; in this case we choose “statistics”.
 We do an investigation about the things that we will discuss in this statistics topic
 We choose five books for a reference and then we write the title, author (s), publisher, and edition/year.
 We make a summary about statistics.
 We give a reason about why we choose statistics as our topic.
 After that, we arrange all the research we have found and make them in to a report.